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Studying and alleviating the effects of platelet microparticles induced by pathogen reduction of platelet concentrates

Principal Investigator / Supervisor: 
PROVOST, Patrick
Co-Investigator(s) / Trainee: 
LAUGIER, Jonathan
Institution: 
University of Laval
Province: 
Quebec
Project Start Date: 
April 1, 2017
Project End Date: 
March 31, 2019
Summary: 
A wide variety of clinical conditions associated with low circulating platelet counts and risks of haemorrhage require platelet transfusion to normalize hemostatic function. For that purpose, platelets are isolated from whole blood collected from healthy donors and stored under blood bank conditions. The deterioration of these platelet concentrates (PCs), associated to the presence of pathogens, prompted the development of pathogen reduction (PR) strategies. Although PR strategies are highly efficient at reducing pathogen contamination, they may also compromise the functionality of the treated platelets. Through research funded by Canadian Blood Services, we have shown recently that PR strategies induce platelet activation as well as the release of microRNAs and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) from platelets, likely through microparticles (MPs). Considering that platelet MPs are known to activate platelets and to exert pro-inflammatory effects, we reasoned that platelet MPs released by PR platelets may amplifying platelet activation in PCs, and adversely affect the cells of the circulatory system upon transfusion. As we aim to develop a MPdepleting device, with interested corporate partners for an eventual commercialization and implementation in the clinical practice, this project may significantly improve the quality and safety of PCs, and have a major impact in transfusion medicine.
Total Amount Awarded: 
$52,000
Program: 
Graduate Fellowship Program

Projects summaries are contributed by investigators who receive financial support from Canadian Blood Services. The summaries are intended to inform the public of the types of research projects that are supported by our organization. The information described in project summaries should not be considered as recommendation for clinical treatment and diagnosis.